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Wed May 31 00:28:42 2017 UTC
(6 years, 6 months ago) by raeburn
CVS tags: version_2_12_X
- Installation instructions for Fedora 22, 23, 24, 25.
<h1>Installing LON-CAPA on a minimal Fedora 24 Linux System</h1>
This document guides you through the process of setting up a new LON-CAPA
server running Fedora 24 with a minimum of packages installed.
The computer will be configured solely as a LON-CAPA server and will be
expected to have no other services running. Your server is expected to have
a reasonably fast connection to the internet.
More information is available at
<h2>Before you begin</h2>
Installing Linux is getting easier and easier.
You will be required to log in to the machine and execute
some routine Unix commands. Familiarity with the Apache web server, mod_perl,
perl, and MySQL are not required to install and run LON-CAPA.
The installation process takes the following steps:
<li><a href="#obt">Obtain Fedora 24 installation DVD or net install CD</a></li>
<li><a href="#net">Determine Network Settings</a></li>
<li><a href="#lin">Install Fedora 24</a></li>
<li><a href="#upd">Update your system</a></li>
<li><a href="#ilc">Install LON-CAPA</a></li>
<li><a href="#cdc">Create a Domain Coordinator</a></li>
<li><a href="#sts">Start/Restart services</a></li>
<li><a href="#log">Log in to LON-CAPA</a></li>
<h2>1. <a name="obt">Obtain Fedora 24</a></h2>
Fedora 24 ISO files can be obtained from the project's main site,
You can either download an iso image(s) of the full distribution for burning to DVD,
or you can download a single net install for burning to CD. If you use the
net install CD, after booting from the CD, and selecting "Installation,"
you will need to select HTTP as the installation source, and specify the
host and path to Fedora 24 files for your particular architecture, e.g.,<br />
Host: http://mirrors.kernel.org/<br />
<h2>2. <a name="net">Determine Network Settings</a></h2>
You will need to know the following network settings for your installation.
<b>Note:</b>You must have a static IP address to use LON-CAPA.
DHCP is <em>not</em> supported.
<li>ip address </li>
<li>domain name server(s) </li>
<h2>3. <a name="lin">Minimal Fedora 24 Install</a></h2>
Installing Fedora is quite easy if you've installed any of the Red Hat products
before. Some documentation is available from the
Fedora Installation guide</a>.
Most of the installation screens are self explanatory.
There are a few steps that require comment and are dealt with below.
<dl style="list-style:square outside none">
<dd>Use English as your installation language.</dd>
<dd>Set the appropriate choices for time and date, and keyboard language. For Language Support select: English.</dd>
<dd>Select: Fedora Custom Operating System, and leave all checkboxes in the Add-ons column unchecked</dd>
<dt>System - Installation Destination</dt>
<dd>If updating from a previous LON-CAPA installation on an earlier Fedora version (e.g., Fedora22 or Fedora23), if you established a separate partition for /home use "I will configure partitioning" to set up partitions - making sure to select the "unchanged data" option for the /home partition, in order to preserve your existing LON-CAPA data. A full back-up to tape or some external system is also strongly advised when updating the Fedora distribution in use on an existing LON-CAPA server.</dd>
<dt>System - Partitioning your Drive</dt>
<dd>For a fresh install may want to use the automatic partitioning feature of the installer,
however you should review the results and be prepared to modify them. If you want to customize partitioning check "I will configure partitioning".
LON-CAPA resource files are stored in the /home directory, so the
majority of the disk space should be allocated here. If you have 20 GB
of space for Fedora 24, /home should receive at least 10 to 12 GB.
Since MySQL uses the /var filesystem to store its databases you should
have at least 4 gigs of space available on /var. Be sure to
include adequate swap space. A minimum is 512 MB, but you should
typically have 1 or 2x as much swap space as you do physical RAM.</dd>
<dt>System - Network & Hostname</dt>
<dd>LON-CAPA will <b>not</b> work with a machine set up to use a dynamic
IP address. When configuring your network card, be sure to unselect
the DHCP option and enter in your network information. You should also set the hostname which will be used for this server/VM</dd>
Finish installing your server, reboot it, and log in as root.
<h2>4. <a name="upd">Update your system</a></h2>
Update your system to the latest versions of the system software using dnf.
The dnf utility is configured to check encyption keys for the packages it installs, so
you should import the keys before invoking dnf. You should also install the wget
utility which you will use to retrieve files from the LON-CAPA installation site.
rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-fedora-24-primary
dnf install wget
The default Fedora 24 installation includes SELinux enabled. Until such time as an SELinux security policy has been created for LON-CAPA, SELinux should be disabled.
Retrieve the loncapa_selinux_config file from the LON-CAPA install site:
Install the selinux config file
mv /etc/selinux/config /etc/selinux/config.backup
mv loncapa_selinux_config /etc/selinux/config
LON-CAPA uses the traditional iptables package instead of the more recent Firewalld, used by
default by Fedora 24. Accordingly, you should install iptables-services and system-config-firewall-tui
and disable firewalld, and enable iptables.
dnf install iptables-services system-config-firewall-tui
systemctl mask firewalld
systemctl enable iptables
systemctl enable ip6tables
systemctl stop firewalld
systemctl start iptables
systemctl start ip6tables
The system-config-firewall-tui tool should be used to configure the Firewall.
<li>Select Security Level: Enabled, and Customize, to allow
incoming: SSH (remote login), WWW (HTTP) and secure WWW
<li>Select OK, and then Quit</li>
<b>Reboot</b> your system before continuing with the installation.
<h2>5. <a name="ilc">Installing LON-CAPA</a></h2>
<p>Import the LON-CAPA encryption key</p>
rpm --import http://install.loncapa.org/versions/fedora/RPM-GPG-KEY-loncapa
Retrieve the loncapa.repo file from the LON-CAPA install site:
wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/loncapa.repo http://install.loncapa.org/versions/fedora/24/loncapa.repo
<p> Execute: </p>
dnf install LONCAPA-prerequisites
This may take some minutes due to LON-CAPA's large number of dependencies.
<h3>Retrieve and execute LON-CAPA setup program</h3>
Retrieve the LON-CAPA setup with the following command:
Extract the archive with the following command:
tar xf install.tar
This creates a directory named <tt>installation</tt>. Change to it and
execute the setup script with the following commands:
The script is used to prepare a Linux system to run LON-CAPA, and can also be
used to check the configuration of a system on which LON-CAPA has already been installed. Typically, though, you will run this script only once, when you first install LON-CAPA.
The script will analyze your system to determine which actions are recommended. The script will then prompt you to choose the actions you would like taken.
Once a choice has been entered for all nine possible actions, required changes will be made.
<p>The possible actions are:
<li>Create the www user/group</li>
<li>Install the package LON-CAPA uses to authenticate users.</li>
<li>Set-up the MySQL database</li>
<li>Set-up MySQL permissions</li>
<li>Configure Apache web server</li>
<li>Configure start-up of services</li>
<li>Check firewall settings</li>
<li>Stop services not used by LON-CAPA,<br />
e.g., services for a print server: cups daemon</li>
<li>Download LON-CAPA source code in readiness for installation</li>
<h3>Determine LON-CAPA Settings</h3>
LON-CAPA requires a number of identifying parameters to be set in order
for it to function at all. Below is a list with descriptions.
<dt>Host Type (library or access)</dt>
<dd>The server must be designated a 'library' or an 'access' server. In
general you should have a library server for your instructors to create
their course content on and run their courses. Students should connect
to access servers. If you are doing the first install of LON-CAPA at
your site, or if you are playing with it for your own edification you
should make your machine a 'library' server.</dd>
<dd>Each site or school which installs LON-CAPA needs its own domain.
Here at MSU we use 'msu'. You should choose something short but
meaningful. <i>Restriction: no spaces, underscores or
special characters (besides - and .).</i><br />
Domain names which include a departmental
abbreviation are not recommended as although LON-CAPA may start in
a single department, other departments frequently join subsequently.
For a domain name: 'msu' is a superior choice to 'msuphys' for example.
<dt>LON-CAPA host id</dt>
<dd>Each LON-CAPA server requires a unique internal name. We use names
such as "msul1" for the first library server. <i>Restriction: One word,
no hyphens, underscores, or special characters.</i>
<dt>Domain's Primary Library Server ID</dt>
<dd>If you are setting up a domain with a single library server, then the domain's primary library server ID will be the LON-CAPA host id of that server (e.g., msul1). Once your domain grows and you need to add more servers, one of the library servers in the domain should be assigned as the domain's primary library server. This will be where domain-wide settings will be stored.<dd>
<dt>Host administrator email</dt>
<dd>The amount of email sent to this address is relatively minimal. Messages
are sent every time the system starts up, or if the system is in
serious trouble. On a laptop, make this <tt>root@localhost</tt>.
<dt>Support email address</dt>
<dd>If you enter an e-mail address here, then users of the system
will be able to click an "Ask Helpdesk" link in the system to
display a web form which they will complete to request support from
your institution's helpdesk. On form submission the contents
will be sent to the e-mail address you specify.
To configure and install LON-CAPA, execute the following commands:
cd /root/loncapa-X.Y.Z (X.Y.Z should correspond to a version number like '2.10.1')
You will need to enter the LON-CAPA configuration information you determined
in the previous section.
<h2>6. <a name="cdc">Creating a Domain Coordinator</a></h2>
You will need at least one user at your site who has the role of
'domain coordinator'. This user creates accounts for other users and
grants them additional privileges. The make_domain_coordinator.pl script
invoked below requires that you enter the user's password.
The "passwd username" command can be used to change the password later.
Replace USERNAME and DOMAIN with an appropriate user name and your domain.
perl make_domain_coordinator.pl USERNAME DOMAIN
<h2>7. <a name="sts">Start/Restart Services</a></h2>
The LON-CAPA network services take a moment to start. Most misconfigurations
will be apparent at this step.
/bin/systemctl start httpd.service
If you receive warnings when starting the httpd about missing perl modules,
please make sure you followed the instructions in
<b>Installing LON-CAPA Dependencies</b>. If you still have errors, please
contact the MSU LON-CAPA group.
<h2>8. <a name="log">Log in to your LON-CAPA Machine</a></h2>
Point a web browser at your new machine and log in as the domain
<h2>If things aren't working right</h2>
If you've followed the steps above and the server doesn't start or you think
there's something wrong, please send a <a href="http://help.loncapa.org/help">help request</a> to the MSU LON-CAPA group. If there were errors in installation of the dependency RPMs or errors during the
automatic setup, please send us as much information as possible.
If some part of this document is unclear please let us know.