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Sat Nov 26 20:43:08 2011 UTC
(11 years ago) by raeburn
CVS tags: version_2_11_0_RC2
- Update SLES10 and SLES11 installation instructions to use generic install.pl
included in linux/install.tar
- Update instructions for creating Domain Coordinator to reflect changes
in loncom/build/make_domain_coordinator.pl script in 2.10
<h1>Installing LON-CAPA on a minimal SuSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) 10</h1>
This document guides you through the process of setting up a new LON-CAPA
server running SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 (SLES 10) with a minimum of packages installed.
The computer will be configured solely as a LON-CAPA server and will be
expected to have no other services running. Your server is expected to have
a reasonably fast connection to the internet.
More information is available at
<h2>Before you begin</h2>
Installing Linux is getting easier and easier.
You will be required to log in to the machine and execute
some routine Unix commands. Familiarity with the Apache web server, mod_perl,
perl, and MySQL are not required to install and run LON-CAPA.
The installation process takes the following steps:
<li><a href="#obt">Obtain SLES 10 installation media</a></li>
<li><a href="#net">Determine Network Settings</a></li>
<li><a href="#lin">Install SLES 10</a></li>
<li><a href="#upd">Update your system</a></li>
<li><a href="#ilc">Install LON-CAPA</a></li>
<li><a href="#cdc">Create a Domain Coordinator</a></li>
<li><a href="#sts">Start/Restart services</a></li>
<li><a href="#log">Log in to LON-CAPA</a></li>
<h2>1. <a name="obt">Obtain SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 10</a></h2>
SuSE ISO files can be obtained from the Novell site: <a href="http://www.novell.com/products/server/">http://www.novell.com/products/server/</a>.
<h2>2. <a name="net">Determine Network Settings</a></h2>
You will need to know the following network settings for your installation.
<b>Note:</b>You must have a static IP address to use LON-CAPA.
DHCP is <em>not</em> supported.
<li>ip address </li>
<li>domain name server(s) </li>
<h2>3. <a name="lin">Minimal SLES 10 Install</a></h2>
Installing SuSE Linux Enterprise Server is quite easy if you've installed Linux products
before. Some documentation is available from
http://www.novell.com/documentation/sles10/</a>.<br /><br />
Most of the installation screens are self explanatory.
There are a few steps that require comment and are dealt with below.
<dl style="list-style:square outside none">
<dd>Use English as your installation language.</dd>
<dt>Partitioning your Drive</dt>
<dd>For a LON-CAPA library server (i.e., the main server used
for permanent storage of course and user data),
a separate partition is recommended for /home, as this
simplifies future upgrades of the operating system.
If you are adding an additional access server to an
existing LON-CAPA domain, this does not apply as no
permanent data are stored on an access server.
As LON-CAPA resource files are stored in the /home directory,
the majority of the disk space should be allocated here.
If you have 20 GB of space for SLES10, /home should
receive at least 10 to 12 gigs. Since MySQL uses the /var
filesystem to store its databases you should have as least
4 gigs of space available on /var. Be sure to
include adequate swap space. A minimum is 512 Megs, but you should
typically have 1 or 2x as much swap space as you do physical RAM.
Installation of the minimum set of packages is recommended. This will involve unchecking all checkboxes except for the base SuSE installation.</dd>
<p>Once you system has rebooted, you will use yast to complete the configuration. Change the following settings:
<dl style="list-style:square outside none">
<dd>LON-CAPA will <b>not</b> work with a machine set up to use a dynamic
IP address. When configuring your network card, you should include you static IP address, netmask, host name information (e.g., host name = tmp1, domain = lite.msu.edu), as well as name servers and gateway.
<dd>Indicate "Yes" when prompted to "run online update now?"</dd>
Finish installing your server, read the "readme", reboot and log in as root.
<h3>Configure Firewall Settings</h3>
<p>After reboot you should start yast, and select Security and Users -> Firewall. At step 2 include the following services: HTTP, HTTP with SSL, and Secure Shell.
<h2>4. <a name="upd">Change software sources for your system</a></h2>
You will use yast to import packages required for LON-CAPA.<br />
Select "Change Source of Installation". The media you used to install SLES10 will be listed as an installation source. If you do not already have a SLES10 installation source at your location, you may want to consider creating one from the 4 iso files for CDs 1 - 4, to avoid the need to flip CDs during LON-CAPA installation. Proceed as follows (e.g., for 32 bit):</p>
mkdir -p sles10/CD1
mount -o ro,loop SLES-10-x86-CD1.iso /mnt
cp -rv /mnt/* sles10/CD1
Repeat those steps with CD2, CD3 and CD4.</p>
<h3>Add an additional installation source</h3>
<p>Add the LON-CAPA SLES 10 repository as an additional installation source, so software installation in yast will have access to at least two repositories - a SuSE/Novell source (for packages included for the standard distribution) and the LON-CAPA repository (for extra packages needed to run LON-CAPA). For the LON-CAPA source you will use:
<dl style="list-style:square outside none">
<dd>Directory on server</dd>
After saving this configuration information for the LON-CAPA repository, quit yast.
<h2>5. <a name="ilc">Installing LON-CAPA</a></h2>
<p> Execute: </p>
yast -i LONCAPA-prerequisites
This may take some minutes due to LON-CAPA's large number of dependencies.
<h3>Retrieve and execute LON-CAPA setup program</h3>
Retrieve the LON-CAPA setup with one of the following commands:
Extract the archive with the following command:
tar xf install.tar
This creates a directory named <tt>installation</tt>. Change to it and
execute the setup script with the following commands:
The script is used to prepare a Linux system to run LON-CAPA, and can also be
used to check the configuration of a system on which LON-CAPA has already been installed. Typically, though, you will run this script only once, when you first install LON-CAPA.
The script will analyze your system to determine which actions are recommended. The script will then prompt you to choose the actions you would like taken.
Once a choice has been entered for all nine possible actions, required changes will be made.
<p>The possible actions are:
<li>Create the www user/group</li>
<li>Install the package LON-CAPA uses to authenticate users.</li>
<li>Set-up the MySQL database</li>
<li>Set-up MySQL permissions</li>
<li>Configure Apache web server</li>
<li>Configure start-up of services</li>
<li>Check firewall settings</li>
<li>Stop services not used by LON-CAPA,<br />
e.g., services for a print server: cups daemon</li>
<li>Download LON-CAPA source code in readiness for installation</li>
<h3>Determine LON-CAPA Settings</h3>
LON-CAPA requires a number of identifying parameters to be set in order
for it to function at all. Below is a list with descriptions.
<dt>Host Type (library or access)</dt>
<dd>The server must be designated a 'library' or an 'access' server. In
general you should have a library server for your instructors to create
their course content on and run their courses. Students should connect
to access servers. If you are doing the first install of LON-CAPA at
your site, or if you are playing with it for your own edification you
should make your machine a 'library' server.</dd>
<dd>Each site or school which installs LON-CAPA needs its own domain.
Here at MSU we use 'msu'. You should choose something short but
meaningful. <i>Restriction: One word, no hyphens, underscores, or
<dt>LON-CAPA host id</dt>
<dd>Each LON-CAPA server requires a unique internal name. We use names
such as "msul1" for the first library server. <i>Restriction: One word,
no hyphens, underscores, or special characters.</i>
<dt>Host administrator email</dt>
<dd>The amount of email sent to this address is relatively minimal. Messages
are sent every time the system starts up, or if the system is in
serious trouble. On a laptop, make this <tt>root@localhost</tt>.
To configure and install LON-CAPA, execute the following commands:
cd /root/loncapa-X.Y.Z (X.Y.Z should correspond to a version number like '2.10.0')
You will need to enter the LON-CAPA configuration information you determined
in the previous section.
<p>After installing LON-CAPA, and taking any actions included in the WARNINGS file created during installation, it is recommended that you set loncontrol to start automatically on boot, by executing the following command:</p>
/sbin/chkconfig --level 35 loncontrol on
<h2>6. <a name="cdc">Creating a Domain Coordinator</a></h2>
You will need at least one user at your site who has the role of
'domain coordinator'. This user creates accounts for other users and
grants them additional privileges. The make_domain_coordinator.pl script
invoked below requires that you enter the user's password.
Feel free to use the "passwd username" command to change it later.
Replace USERNAME and DOMAIN with an appropriate user name and your domain.
perl make_domain_coordinator.pl USERNAME DOMAIN
<h2>7. <a name="sts">Start/Restart Services</a></h2>
The LON-CAPA network services take a moment to start. Most misconfigurations
will be apparent at this step.
If you receive warnings when starting the httpd about missing perl modules,
please make sure you followed the instructions in
<b>Installing LON-CAPA Dependencies</b>. If you still have errors, please
contact the LON-CAPA group.
<h2>8. <a name="log">Log in to your LON-CAPA Machine</a></h2>
Point a web browser at your new machine and log in as the domain
<h2>If things aren't working right</h2>
If you've followed the steps above and the server doesn't start or you think
there's something wrong, please get in touch with the LON-CAPA group.
You can submit a help request using our web form:<br />
<a href="http://help.loncapa.org/help/">http://help.loncapa.org/help/</a><br />
If there were errors in installation of the dependency RPMs or during the
automatic setup, please send us as much information as possible.
If some part of this document is unclear please let us know.